The kidneys are two organs located in your midsection on either side of your spine in the middle of your back, just above the waist. They clean your blood, keep the balance of salt and minerals in your blood, and help control blood pressure.
When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body, causing swelling in your ankles, vomiting, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath. If you don’t treat them, diseased kidneys may eventually stop working completely. Loss of kidney function is a serious — and potentially fatal — condition.
- Maintain a balance of water and minerals, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphorus, in your blood
- Remove waste by-products from your blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medications
- Make renin, an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure
- Make erythropoietin, which stimulates red blood cell production
- Make an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health
There’s a long list of drugs that can damage your kidneys, but the one we have for you lists the top ten kidney-damaging medications divided into categories. Take a look at it:
Vancomycin, sulfonamides, ciprofloxacin and methicillin.
Acetominophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen.
Celecoxib (brand name Celebrex), valdecoxib (brand name Bextra), rofecoxib (brand name Vioxx). These medications are a special type of NSAIDs that were meant to be safer for the stomach, but are damaging your kidneys when taken.
Omeprazole (Prilosec), pantoprazole (Protonix), raberprazol (Rabecid), esomeprazole (Nexium), lansoprazole (Prevacid).
Aciclovyr, tenofovir and indinavir.
High blood pressure medications
Rheumatoid arthritis drugs
Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, infliximab (Remicade).
Bipolar disorder medications
Phenytoin (Dilantin), trimethadione (Tridione).
Mitomycin C, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, interferons, pamidronate, cisplatin, bevacizumab, quinine as well as propylthiouracil which is used to treat overactive thyroid.